6 discussion

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  • PHI

1)"Fallacies and Errors in Sound Reasoning"  Please respond to the following:

  1. Use the Internet to locate at least two (2) advertisements that exhibit any of the following fallacies: equivocation, false authority, ad hominem, appeal to ignorance, or bandwagon. Post the videos in the discussion. Next, identify the fallacy used in the selected advertisements, discuss the primary reasons why you believe that the advertisers have used the fallacy in question, and examine whether or not their use of this type of fallacy is effective.From part 1 of this discussion, consider alternate strategies that the advertisers could have used in order to develop a more sound and persuasive argument. Explain the main reasons why you believe consumers ignore these errors in reasoning.
  2. "Identifying Misleading Information in an Argument"  Please respond to the following:

    • Consider the following argument: There are many arguments for the elimination or modification of current U. S. drug laws, but one of the most persuasive involves what negative effects drug laws are having on society in comparison with the effects of the drugs themselves. In the past ten years, most forms of drug use have dropped significantly, especially among teens. Despite this, non-violent drug offenders accounted for 21.1 percent of the federal prison population. First time drug offenders serve, on average, a sentence three months longer than kidnappers, nine months longer than burglars, and thirty-three months longer than sex abusers. In 1992, the average cost of keeping an inmate in either state or federal prison was about $20,000 per prisoner per year. The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world, with 455 prisoners per 100,000 population. It is maintaining these prisoners at great expense in an environment where they are unlikely to develop a socially constructive attitude. Perhaps it is time that we reconsider our attitudes toward those who choose to use drugs; failure to do so may cost society even more than it already has.
      • Determine whether or not the argument uses any deceptive statistics. Give your opinion on whether or not the argument has persuaded you. Explain why or why not.
      • Determine the primary ways in which statistics or authority are used in your current position in developing persuasive arguments, and provide examples of such use.
  3. "Identifying Truth or Fiction"  Please respond to the following:

    • The video clip ‘The Baloney Detection Kit’ in the Webtext this week discusses the many ways in which an effective critical thinker assesses the claims made by others. Explain what you believe is the real difference between ‘science’ and ‘pseudoscience’.
  • Examine the key reasons why so many people might seem to be attracted to more pseudoscience-type claims. Describe at least two (2) such claims that you have heard people make, and analyze the main reasons why such claims do or do not meet rigorous scientific methodology standards. Determine at least two (2) ways in which the material discussed this week has changed your own thinking

 

LEG

  1. In an agency relationship, someone agrees to perform a task for, and under the control of, someone else (the principal). An agent is the person who is acting on behalf of the principal in an agency relationship. Identify three (3) types of agency under the law. Give one (1) example of a time in which you or a co-worker may have acted as an agent. Did you know you were an agent at the time? Did you act on behalf of the company, and if so, how?
  2. Give an example of a recent contract into which you entered. For example, did you buy something at a convenience store, enter into a cell phone contract, or even make a larger purchase? Explain the elements that were met within the contract.
  3. Explain whether or not the U.S. Government should do more to protect consumers. Conversely, should consumers become more aware of when they are purchasing products in today’s business environment?
  • Suppose you were an IT manager at a business. Identify the specific laws addressing consumer information that would need to be considered by your company. Explain why such laws are necessary to adhere to. 
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