Question 1 of 20


Knowing that __________ is/are important to many older people is one step in a child understanding a different perspective.




A. learning



B. etiquette



C. memories



D. books


Question 2 of 20


Literature that portrays characters engaged in social behavior shows children not only a way of acting but also the ingredients necessary for __________ to occur.




A. active learning



B. group activity



C. prosocial behavior



D. reasoning


Question 3 of 20


You can see whether children are able to decenter as you listen to their use of:




A. language.



B. puppets.



C. illustrations.



D. alliteration.


Question 4 of 20


Learning when behavior is appropriate requires __________ types of situations and types of behaviors.




A. generalizing about



B. characterizing



C. understanding



D. experiencing different


Question 5 of 20


Moral reasoning at stage __________ is widely represented in the decisions that book characters make.




A. 1



B. 2



C. 3



D. 4


Question 6 of 20


An example of a book with an omniscient narrator is:




A. Cinderella.



B. The Three Little Pigs.



C. The Pain and the Great One.



D. The Sweetest Fig.


Question 7 of 20


With pre-school children, a first step in engaging children in the reading process is to read stories in which characters are faced with a decision to be made and in which there is:




A. no clear-cut answer.



B. no solution.



C. a set of choices provided.



D. an obvious solution.


Question 8 of 20


Children grow in their ability to reason about moral issues as they:




A. examine their values.



B. face confrontation.



C. hear the reasoning of others.



D. adopt the behavior of a book character.


Question 9 of 20


A child’s ability to __________ is correlated to their ability to see from the viewpoint of another.




A. act out a story



B. relate to other people



C. disagree with another child



D. function in a team environment


Question 10 of 20


At Kohlberg’s stage two, __________ determines ethical decisions.




A. desire to please



B. what is good or bad



C. personal reward



D. avoidance of punishment


Question 11 of 20


In the preoperational stage of intellectual development, children typically:




A. recognize that others have feelings that may differ from their own.



B. are able to evaluate multiple attributes of a situation.



C. are unable to put themselves in another’s place.



D. behaveprosocially in accordance to internalized norms.


Question 12 of 20


Hannah wanted to play dress-up. Her other friends wanted to play hide-and-seek. Hannah became angry, refused to participate, and ran to her mother. Piaget would describe Hannah’s behavior as:




A. prosocial.



B. preconventional.



C. neurotic.



D. egocentric.


Question 13 of 20


Martin watched Mrs. Sullivan get out of her car at home. She had just returned from the grocery store. Martin knew that Mrs. Sullivan recently had knee surgery a few weeks ago. He walked over and began helping her with her groceries. She was so grateful to him and thanked him many times. Martin was showing:




A. prosocial behavior.



B. egocentrism.



C. moral reasoning.



D. preoperational development.


Question 14 of 20


Piaget and Kohlberg believed that the growth of moral reasoning coincides with __________ growth.




A. social



B. cognitive



C. language



D. personality


Question 15 of 20


Kohlberg’s work was based entirely on the reactions of:




A. adults.



B. females.



C. children.



D. males.


Question 16 of 20


The __________ in books give children experience in reading and interpreting body language and facial expressions.




A. illustrations



B. title pages



C. text



D. settings


Question 17 of 20


__________ books are an excellent source of material in which body language and facial expressions are emphasized.




A. Concept



B. Picture



C. Chapter



D. Wordless picture


Question 18 of 20


Which one of the following facets of language is a suprasegmental that linguists say adds meaning to speech?




A. Onomatopoeia



B. Alliteration



C. Stress



D. Assonance


Question 19 of 20


Hannah had matured. She still enjoyed playing dress-up, but she understood when her friends wanted to play something different. She was able to:




A. be accepting.



B. change their minds.



C. decenter.



D. play alone happily.


Question 20 of 20


Moral reasoning at __________ is widely represented in the decisions that book characters make.




A. the preoperational stage



B. stage three



C. the preconventional level



D. stage four



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