1. For the English philosopher Jeremy Bentham, social institutions should be evaluated on the basis of
A. success in providing the greatest good to the greatest number.
B. ability to provide services at the lowest cost.
C. concern for the rights of the individual over social utility.
D. imposing minimal intrusions into citizens' lives.

2. Many of Henri Bergson's followers were made hopeful by his writings because he argued that
A. we should accept our existence as the only possible foundation for our life choices.
B. truth isn't that which is real, but that which we choose to believe.
C. God doesn't exist and everything is permissible.
D. we retain the freedom to create a future that differs from the one predicted by scientists.

3. The purpose of Commodore Perry's mission to Japan in 1853 was to
A. create an American colony in Japan.
B. explore and map the Japanese homeland.
C. bring the message of Christianity into Japan.
D. persuade the Japanese to open their ports to trade.

4. The Suez Canal, built in 1869 largely by French engineers and French capital, was significant because it
A. connected the Mediterranean with the Persian Gulf.
B. gave Egypt an agricultural advantage by putting hundreds of thousands of new acres under cultivation.
C. reduced travel time from Europe to India from months to weeks.
D. connected the Nile with the Red Sea.

1. The Helsinki Agreement of 1975 pledged its signers to recognize
A. democracy as the best political ideology.
B. capitalism as the best economic system.
C. the need for nuclear disarmament.
D. a respect for human rights.

2. During the nineteenth century, which of the following countries experienced a decrease in industrial production?
A. India
B. Japan
C. China
D. Britain

3. Most of those who fear globalization worry that it will lead to
A. Americanization.
B. a new Europeanization of the globe.
C. cultural diversity.
D. a plural world.

4. The San hunters of southern Africa weren't overwhelmed during the nineteenth century because they
A. managed to effectively fight off Western colonists.
B. live in a harsh environment.
C. were protected by a treaty.
D. were moved to reservations where they could be protected.

1. Even greater than their use for human food, fish are a vital source of
A. industrial lubricants.
B. lamp oil.
C. fertilizer.
D. lotions and creams.

2. One of the consequences of rapid urbanization and the creation of enormous cities has been
A. the creation of gangs and criminal organizations.
B. a rise in living standards for the poor.
C. a drop in literacy rates.
D. a decrease in the number of manufacturing jobs.

3. An important social development in 1870s Japan was the
A. abolition of the military draft.
B. refusal of the gentry to hold civil-service positions.
C. rise of the warrior caste.
D. abolition of samurai privileges.

4. According to the work of anthropologist Franz Boas,
A. people of different cultures think differently due to their diet.
B. some societies and peoples are more evolved than others.
C. no race is superior to any other in brain power.
D. the concept of cultural relativism is wrong.

1. The term quantum mechanics refers to the study of
A. subatomic particles.
B. astronomy.
C. molecular chemistry.
D. cosmology.

2. The single event that was most critical in encouraging regimentation and collectivism in Western
countries was
A. the First World War.
B. World War II.
C. the Russian Revolution.
D. the Great Depression.

3. The British argued that the banning of the opium trade by Chinese authorities in 1839 was wrong
because it violated
A. freedom of commerce.
B. basic human decency
C. Britain's right to do whatever it wanted.
D. the rights of individual Chinese to do as they pleased.

4. With regards XXXXX XXXXX mining and agriculture industry, in the nineteenth century, which of the following statements is false?
A. Reliance on export crops provided peasants a more reliable source of income
B. Private investment grew
C. Large companies tried to be paternalistic to keep workers from rebelling
D. Specialization became more common

1. Regarding adolescent suicide, which statement is true?
A. Male suicide rates are five times higher than those for females
B. Males attempt suicide more often than females
C. Suicide is normally associated with depression
D. Suicide is the leading cause of death among adolescents

2. I’m not all that happy, but when I smile I feel better. This idea might best be expressed by the
A. emotional similarity theory
B. facial feedback hypothesis
C. theory of universal affect programming
D. facial-affect program

3. In late adulthood, changes in memory may not be inevitable; however, any decline in memory tends to involve _______ memory.
A. intrinsic
B. semantic
C. implicit
D. episodic

4. In the Binet IQ test, an IQ score is equal to MA divided by CA times 100. In this
formula, “MA” is to mental age as “CA” is to
A. cognitive age
B. common age
C. chronological age
D. calculated ability



    • 7 years ago