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# The Towson Manufacturing Corporation applies overhead on the basis of machine hours. The following divisional information is presented

Chapter 4 Exercise 7

The Towson Manufacturing Corporation applies overhead on the basis of machine hours. The following divisional information is presented for your review:

Division A Division B

Actual machine hours 22,500 ?

Estimated machine hours 20,000 ?

Over- (under-) applied overhead ? \$6,500

FIND THE UNKNOWNS FOR EACH OF THE DIVISIONS.

Chapter 4 Problem 2

2. Computations using a job order system

General Corporation employs a job order cost system. On May 1 the following balances were extracted from the general ledger;

Work in process \$ 35,200

Finished goods 86,900

Cost of goods sold 128,700

Work in Process consisted of two jobs, no. 101 (\$20,400) and no. 103 (\$14,800). During May, direct materials requisitioned from the storeroom amounted to \$96,500, and direct labor incurred totaled \$114,500. These figures are subdivided as follows:

Direct Materials Direct Labor

Job No. Amount Job No. Amount

101 \$5,000 101 \$7,800

115 19,500 103 20,800

116 36,200 115 42,000

Other 35,800 116 18,000

\$96,500 Other 25,900

\$114,500

Job no. 115 was the only job in process at the end of the month. Job no. 101 and three "other" jobs were sold during May at a profit of 20% of cost. The "other" jobs contained material and labor charges of \$21,000 and \$17,400, respectively.

General applies overhead daily at the rate of 150% of direct labor cost as labor summaries are posted to job orders. The firm's fiscal year ends on May 31.

Instructions:

a. Compute the total overhead applied to production during May.

b. Compute the cost of the ending work in process inventory.

c. Compute the cost of jobs completed during May.

d. Compute the cost of goods sold for the year ended May 31.

Chapter 5 Exercise 1

1. High-low method

The following cost data pertain to 20X6 operations of Heritage Products:

Quarter 1 Quarter 2 Quarter 3 Quarter 4

Shipping costs \$58,200 \$58,620 \$60,125 \$59,400

Orders shipped 120 140 175 150

The company uses the high-low method to analyze costs.

a. Determine the variable cost per order shipped.

b. Determine the fixed shipping costs per quarter.

c. If present cost behavior patterns continue, determine total shipping costs for 20X7 if activity amounts to 570 orders.

Chapter 5 Exercise 3

3. Break-even and other CVP relationships

Cedars Hospital has average revenue of \$180 per patient day. Variable costs are \$45 per patient day; fixed costs total \$4,320,000 per year.

a. How many patient days does the hospital need to break even?

b. What level of revenue is needed to earn a target income of \$540,000?

c. If variable costs drop to \$36 per patient day, what increase in fixed costs can be tolerated without changing the break-even point as determined in part (a)?

Chapter 5 Problem 6

6. Direct and absorption costing

The information that follows pertains to Consumer Products for the year ended December 31, 20X6.

Inventory, 1/1/X6 24,000 units

Units manufactured 80,000

Units sold 82,000

Inventory, 12/31/X6 ? units

Manufacturing costs:

Direct materials \$3 per unit

Direct labor \$5 per unit

Variable factory overhead \$9 per unit

Variable \$2 per unit

Fixed \$136,000

The unit selling price is \$26. Assume that costs have been stable in recent years.

Instructions:

a. Compute the number of units in the ending inventory.

b. Calculate the cost of a unit assuming use of:

1. Direct costing.

2. Absorption costing.

c. Prepare an income statement for the year ended December 31, 20X6, by using direct costing.

d. Prepare an income statement for the year ended December 31, 20X6, by using absorption costing.

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## 206 week 3 chapter 4 and 5 tutorial with working in excel

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# xx 4 x xx

xxxxxxx
 Chapter x xxxxxxxx 7 xxxxxx machine xxxxx (division xx = \$86,000 x xx x xxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx hours (Division B) x xxxxxxxxxx = xxxxx Actual xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xx x \$86,000 x \$6,500 = xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx (Division xx x 20,000 X xxxx x \$90,000 Applied xxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx xx = xxxxxx x xxxx = \$101,250 xxxxx (under-) applied overhead (Division A) = \$101,250 - xxxxxxxx x xxxxxxxx

# xx x - xx

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
 xxxxxxx x Problem 2 xxx xxx 103 xxx xxx xxxxx Total xxxxx \$20,400 \$14,800 \$35,200 xx \$5,000 xxxxxxx \$36,200 xxxxxxx \$96,500 DL \$7,800 \$20,800 xxxxxxx \$18,000 \$25,900 \$114,500 Overhead xxx x 150%) \$11,700 \$31,200 xxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxx \$171,750 Total xxxxxxx xxxxxxx \$124,500 \$81,200 xxxxxxxx \$417,950 xx Compute xxx xxxxx overhead xxxxxxx xx production during May. xxxxx overhead applied x \$114,500 x xxxx x \$171,750 xx Compute xxx cost of xxx xxxxxx xxxx in process inventory. Job 115 xxx xxx xxxx xxx xx process x xxxxxxxx c. Compute xxx cost of jobs completed during May. xxxx xx jobs completed x \$417,950 - xxxxxxxx = \$293,450 d. Compute xxx cost xx goods sold xxx xxx xxxx xxxxx xxx xxx xxxx of xxxxx sold x \$44,900 x 21,000+17400+(17400 x xxxxx = xxxxxxxx

# xx 5 x xx

xxxx
 Chapter 5 xxxxxxxx x a. Determine the xxxxxxxx cost xxx xxxxx shipped. xxxxxxxx xxxx xxx xxxxx xxxxxxx x xxxxxxxx - \$58,200)/ (175-120) x xxxxxx xxx order xxxxxxx xx Determine xxx fixed shipping xxxxx xxx quarter. xxxxx xxxxxxxx costs = xxxxxxx - xxxx x \$35) x

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