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Exercise 6-4 Income effects of inventory methods L.O. A1

Park Company reported the following March purchases and sales data for its only product.

  



Date Activities Units Acquired at Cost Units Sold at Retail
  Mar. 1   Beginning inventory   150  units  @ $7.00 = $ 1,050          
  Mar. 10   Sales                 90  units @$15  
  Mar. 20   Purchase   220  units  @ $6.00 =   1,320          
  Mar. 25   Sales                 145  units @$15  
  Mar. 30   Purchase   90  units  @ $5.00 =   450          
           

   

 

   
          Totals   460  units     $ 2,820   235  units    
           



   



 



   

  



Park uses a perpetual inventory system. For specific identification, ending inventory consists of 225 units, where 90 are from the March 30 purchase, 80 are from the March 20 purchase, and 55 are from beginning inventory.

  



1.

Complete comparative income statements for the month of March for Park Company for the four inventory methods. Assume expenses are $1,600, and that the applicable income tax rate is 30%.(Round per unit costs to three decimal places. Round your answers to the nearest dollar amounts. Input all amounts as positive values. Omit the "$" sign in your response.)

  



PARK COMPANY

Income Statements

For Month Ended March 31
  Specific

Identification
Weighted

Average
FIFO LIFO
  Sales                        
  Cost of goods sold                        
 



  Gross profit                        
  Expenses                        
 



  Income before taxes                         
  Income tax expense                        
 



  Net income                        
 








   



2.

Which method yields the highest net income?

   
 
LIFO
Weighted average
FIFO
Specific identification

  



3.

Does net income using weighted average fall between that using FIFO and LIFO?

   
 
Yes
No

   



4.

If costs were rising instead of falling, which method would yield the highest net income?

   
 
LIFO
Weighted average
FIFO

 

 

 

Specific identification

 

 

 

 

roblem 6-1A Alternative cost flows-perpetual L.O. P1

[The following information applies to the questions displayed below.]





Anthony Company uses a perpetual inventory system. It entered into the following purchases and sales transactions for March.





  Date Activities Units Acquired at Cost Units Sold at Retail
  Mar. 1   Beginning inventory   50  units  @ $50/unit        
  Mar. 5   Purchase   200  units  @ $55/unit        
  Mar. 9   Sales           210  units @ $85/unit
  Mar. 18   Purchase   60  units  @ $60/unit        
  Mar. 25   Purchase   100  units  @ $62/unit        
  Mar. 29   Sales           80  units @ $95/unit
           

   

 
          Totals   410  units     290  units  
           



   



 

 

 2.
value:

3.00 points
 
 

Problem 6-1A Part 1

Required:
1.

Compute cost of goods available for sale and the number of units available for sale. (Omit the "$" sign in your response.)

  

     
  Cost of goods available for sale  
  Number of units available for sale  units  



 

 3.
value:

3.00 points
 
 

Problem 6-1A Part 2

2. Compute the number of units in ending inventory.
  Ending inventory  units  



 

 4.
value:

3.00 points
 
 

Problem 6-1A Part 3

3.

Compute the cost assigned to ending inventory using (a) FIFO, (b) LIFO, (c) weighted average, and (d)specific identification. For specific identification, the March 9 sale consisted of 40 units from beginning inventory and 170 units from the March 5 purchase; the March 29 sale consisted of 20 units from the March 18 purchase and 60 units from the March 25 purchase. (Due to rounding, the sum of Cost of Goods Sold and Ending inventory may not equal the Cost of Good available for sales. Round your weighted average cost to 3 decimal places. Round your final answers to nearest whole dollar amount. Omit the "$" sign in your response.)

  

    Ending

Inventory
(a) FIFO   
(b) LIFO   
(c) Weighted average   
(d) Specific identification   

rev: 12_18_2012



 

 5.
value:

3.00 points
 
 

Problem 6-1A Part 4

4.

Compute gross profit earned by the company for each of the four costing methods. (Round your per unit costs to 3 decimal places and inventory balances and final answer to the nearest dollar amount. Omit the "$" sign in your response.)

   

  Gross profit
  FIFO   
  LIFO   
  Weighted average   
  Specific identification   

Problem 6-4A Analysis of inventory errors L.O. A2

Doubletree Company’s financial statements show the following. The company recently discovered that in making physical counts of inventory, it had made the following errors: Inventory on December 31, 2010, is understated by $50,000, and inventory on December 31, 2011, is overstated by $20,000.

  



  For Year Ended December 31 2010 2011 2012
  (a)   Cost of goods sold $ 725,000   $ 955,000   $ 790,000  
  (b)   Net income   268,000     275,000     250,000  
  (c)   Total current assets   1,247,000     1,360,000     1,230,000  
  (d)   Total equity   1,387,000     1,580,000     1,245,000  

  



Required:
1.

For each key financial statement figure—(a), (b), (c), and (d) above—prepare a table to show the adjustments necessary to correct the reported amounts. (Amounts to be deducted should be indicated with a minus sign. Leave no cells blank - be certain to enter "0" wherever required. Omit the "$" sign in your response.)

   



(a)
  Cost of goods sold:   2010 2011 2012
  Reported amount                       
  Adjustments for: 12/31/2010 error                     
  12/31/2011 error                     
   


  Corrected amount                       
   






  



(b)
  Net income   2010 2011 2012
  Reported amount                       
  Adjustments for: 12/31/2010 error                     
  12/31/2011 error                     
   


  Corrected amount                       
   






  



(c)
  Total current assets   2010 2011 2012
  Reported amount                       
  Adjustments for: 12/31/2010 error                     
  12/31/2011 error                     
   


  Corrected amount                       
   






  



(d)
  Equity:   2010 2011 2012
  Reported amount                       
  Adjustments for: 12/31/2010 error                     
  12/31/2011 error                     
   


  Corrected amount                      
   






  



2.

What is the error in total net income for the combined three-year period resulting from the inventory errors? (Leave no cells blank - be certain to enter "0" wherever required. Input your answer as a positive value. Omit the "$" sign in your response.)

  



  Error in total net income of three years   

Problem 6-5AA Alternative cost flows-periodic L.O. P3

[The following information applies to the questions displayed below.]





Viper Company began year 2011 with 20,000 units of product in its January 1 inventory costing $15 each. It made successive purchases of its product in year 2011 as follows. The company uses a periodic inventory system. On December 31, 2011, a physical count reveals that 35,000 units of its product remain in inventory.

      
  Mar. 7      28,000 units @ $18 each
  May. 25      30,000 units @ $22 each
  Aug. 1      20,000 units @ $24 each
  Nov. 10      33,000 units @ $27 each

 

 7.
value:

4.00 points
 
 

Problem 6-5AA Part 1

Required:
1. Compute the number and total cost of the units available for sale in year 2011. (Omit the "$" sign in your response.)

 

     
  Number of units available for sale  units
  Cost of the units available for sale  



 

 8.
value:

4.00 points
 
 

Problem 6-5AA Part 2

2.

Compute the amounts assigned to the 2011 ending inventory and the cost of goods sold. (Input all amounts as positive values. Round per unit costs to 3 decimal places. Round your final answers to the nearest dollar amount. Omit the "$" sign in your response.)

 

(a) FIFO periodic
   
  Total cost of units available for sale   
  Less ending inventory on a FIFO basis   
 
  Cost of units sold   
 


 

(b) LIFO periodic
   
  Total cost of units available for sale   
  Less ending inventory on a LIFO basis   
 
  Cost of units sold   
 


 

(c) Weighted average periodic
   
  Total cost of units available for sale   
  Less ending inventory on a weighted average   
 
  Cost of units sold   
 


Answer
Submitted by accountguru on Sat, 2013-06-15 22:09
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